A description of the founding fathers who wrote the electoral college into the united states constit

Was slavery the underlying cause for creating the Electoral College? If no candidate receives a majority, then the President is elected by the House of Representatives and the Vice President is elected by the Senatea process known as contingent election. The only evidence of a refusal to accept, or of a resignation of the office of President or Vice President, shall be an instrument in writing, declaring the same, and subscribed by the person refusing to accept or resigning, as the case may be, and delivered into the office of the Secretary of State.

Consequently, the more slaves the state had, the more electors in the Electoral College this state would be entitled to.

how many electoral votes does each state have

Since the Civil Warall states have chosen presidential electors by popular vote. The tellers count the ballots and announce the result. The Founding Fathers decided that each state would be entitled to two Senators to be appointed by the state legislators.

An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.

See All of the Federalist 68 Hamilton and the other founders believed that the electors would be able to ensure that only a qualified person becomes President.

Electoral college definition

Capitol January 8, The next step is the selection of a president or chairman of the meeting, sometimes also with a vice chairman. Sealing and endorsing certificates. They shall forthwith forward by registered mail one of the same to the President of the Senate at the seat of government. Each state delegation casts one vote for one of the top three contenders to determine a winner. Two forms of state representation in Congress—of the residents of each state in the House of Representatives and of each state as a whole in the Senate—constitute the core of the Great Compromise. Constitutionally, there is a group of people—called presidential electors—who elect a President and a Vice President every four years. Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote.

See the key dates for the election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and the Congress in the Electoral College process.

If the second-highest vote count was shared by two or more people, the Senate chose between those people.

A description of the founding fathers who wrote the electoral college into the united states constit

Hayes of Ohio, who won the presidency by a single electoral vote. Search the U. Relevant portions of the certificate of vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. The 12th changes the Electoral process in a few small, but important ways. The electors of President and Vice President shall be appointed, in each State, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in every fourth year succeeding every election of a President and Vice President. If there is no majority, the top two vote-getters are voted on by the Senate. The drafters of the Constitution assumed that electors would vote according to their individual discretion, not the dictates of a state or national party. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president. The first reason that the founders created the Electoral College is hard to understand today. After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received. This representation definitely favored large states and gave them more influence in Congress. Thus, the Electoral College can be construed as a collection of all the appointed presidential electors, or as a manner in which America elects its presidents, or both. The major part of the Compromise was the establishing of a dual representation of the states in Congress. A majority of electoral votes currently of is required to win.

Each State may, by law, provide for the filling of any vacancies which may occur in its college of electors when such college meets to give its electoral vote.

While there are clear problems with the Electoral College and there are some advantages to it, changing it is very unlikely.

electoral college for dummies

The Senate votes in the normal manner in this case i.

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Electoral College