A history of the irish british conflict

History of ireland

This situation was exacerbated in the s: Northern Ireland, which had been relatively prosperous in the immediate years after the war, now suffered the same economic fate as the mainland, which was in economic decline. He condemned the RUC and said that the Irish Government "can no longer stand by and see innocent people injured and perhaps worse". Although O'Neill was a unionist, they viewed him as being too 'soft' on the civil rights movement and opposed his policies. Germany found itself arbitrarily divided after the second World War and family and communities cut off from each other by the Berlin Wall and the 1, km fence between West and East Germany. Under Cromwell's government, landownership in Ireland was transferred overwhelmingly to Puritan soldiery and commercial undertakers to pay for the war. Initially this would take the form of a temporary barbed wire fence which would be manned by the Army and the Police The party had grown in prominence and influence since republican hunger striker Bobby Sands was elected a member of parliament on a wave of popular support shortly before he died in As it became evident that it was no longer a matter of if but when for Home Rule, tensions mounted and the unionists pressed the importance of an exclusion for Ulster. They controlled all major sectors of the Irish economy, the bulk of the farmland, the legal system, local government and held strong majorities in both houses of the Irish Parliament. It was the fourth time the British government had had to take back political control of Northern Ireland since the Northern Ireland Assembly came into being in Dec. During the attack in Belfast, 22 bombs exploded during a period of only 75 minutes. The clashes began after a group of schoolgirls and their parents were stoned by Protestant youths as they left a Catholic primary school.

Unionists or loyalists, who are often Protestant, think Northern Ireland should stay as part of the United Kingdom. International recognition and support for peace in Northern Ireland came on Oct.

The continuing enactment of parliamentary reform during the ensuing administrations further extended the initially limited franchise.

In the British parliament gave Oliver Cromwell a free hand to banish Irish "undesirables". There was also widespread rioting each summer for several years around Orange Order parades resulting in several deaths, notably around the Drumcree standoff The great bulk of Protestants saw themselves as British and feared that they would lose their culture and privilege if Northern Ireland were subsumed by the republic.

irish war of independence

The Spanish Armada in Ireland suffered heavy losses during an extraordinary season of storms in the autumn of Ten hunger strikers died in prison, including Sands who died on 5 May The Agreement was passed by referendum in Northern Ireland and a concurrent referendum in the Republic accepted the deletion of the claim to Northern Ireland from the constitution.

However, when, inthe United Kingdom voted by referendum to leave the European Union, but Northern Ireland voted to stay, the status of the area was again thrown into doubt.

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Northern Ireland's violent history explained