Symbols of monarchical power—emblems, coats of arms, double-headed eagles, and tsarist statues—were destroyed. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks.
The aristocrat class treated the peasants like slaves, giving them few rights under the law and treating them almost like animals. View Images Popping up across Russia, more Bolshevik uprisings spread across the country in the late fall of Growing numbers of socialists and lower-class Russians viewed the government less as a force in support of their needs and interests.
Heavy military losses were being suffered on the front. Defeat by Germany could mean a return to the old order and restoration of the Romanov dynasty. Russian troops stopped retreating, and there were even some modest successes in the offensives that were staged that year, albeit at great loss of life.
Lenin did not have any direct role in the revolution and due to his personal security he was hiding.
Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics. In the autumn ofNicholas had taken direct command of the army, personally overseeing Russia's main theatre of war and leaving his ambitious but incapable wife Alexandra in charge of the government.
They viewed their role as limited to pressuring hesitant "bourgeoisie" to rule and to introduce extensive democratic reforms in Russia the replacement of the monarchy by a republic, guaranteed civil rights, a democratic police and army, abolition of religious and ethnic discrimination, preparation of elections to a constituent assembly, and so on.