Just in Fresno alone there are over twelve thousand gang members and over gangs Overend. Research has shown that prison gangs have effects on non-gang members and the prison system.
In this way we explain racialized differences in levels of violence between Chicago and Glasgow. Usually of a low socio-economic status, these gangs engage in illegal money making activities and intimidate their neighborhoods and rival gangs with violent crimes and victimization.
What defines gang activity?
As with many languages, moreover, there are a wide range of local dialects that draw on different cultural and linguistic roots in categorizing and labelling different aspects of social life. For example, on hearing repeated, sharp sounds in the Chicago fieldsite, Fraser asked if these were firecrackers—the notion that gunfire could be heard at almost any time of day or night in the community was far outside his Glasgow experience.
Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live?
These definitions fail to capture the fluidity and contradiction inherent in gang identification, foreclose the capacity of gangs to develop into either pro-social organizations or more organized criminal entities and create an artificial sense of similarity between diverse cultural contexts.
It is imperative for the United States government to put a stop to gangs and gang violence. As we will go on to argue, however, even in English-speaking contexts where the term has more cultural resonance—and a closer connection with lived reality might reasonably be expected—there are problems with applying a strict definition.
Very few people from neighborhoods such as this are able to go to college because of the expense and lack of motivation from the students. I could see why Alistair invoked Thrasher even as I was questioning the old master.