Leaf stems are also flexible to allow leaves to move with the sun to maximise photosynthesis. World wide, it is responsible for the destruction of 5 million ha.
In Central America, two-thirds of lowland tropical forests have been turned into pasture since It is abundant with many species of wildlife and vegetation. Rainforests receive to inches cm of rain each year. The soil becomes infertile and nothing will grow.
Slash and burn Most clearances are still by the local people and tribes needing land on which to grow crops. This is called shifting cultivation.
These include: Afforestation - Trees should be replanted in areas of deforestation.
It is suggested that the total arthropod species richness of the tropical canopy might be as high as 20 million. This means more carbon dioxide is in the atmosphere.
The forest floor also contains decaying plant and animal matter, which disappears quickly, because the warm, humid conditions promote rapid decay.