Concepts of power as explored in

what is power in sociology

Wielding power is not good in its own right, there also needs to be some benefit coupled with the power. Controlling abusers may use multiple tactics to exert power and control over their victims.

It leads to strategic versus social responsibilities.

dimensions of power in political science

The Principle of Least Interest and Dependence Power: The person with less to lose has greater power in the relationship. Threats and punishment are common tools of coercion. Implying or threatening that someone will be fired, demoted, denied privileges, or given undesirable assignments — these are characteristics of using coercive power.

For example: a threat of violence can change the likely costs and benefits of different actions; so can a financial penalty in a 'voluntarily agreed' contract, or indeed a friendly offer.

The more scarce and valued resources are, the more intense and protracted are power struggles.

concept of power in political science pdf

The behavior observed was that the person offering the proposal would act less strategically than would the one offering in the ultimatum game. Cultural hegemony[ edit ] In the Marxist tradition, the Italian writer Antonio Gramsci elaborated the role of ideology in creating a cultural hegemonywhich becomes a means of bolstering the power of capitalism and of the nation-state.

What is power in sociology

Power as Enabling or Disabling: Power can be enabling or disabling. This perspective permits to get over an "either-or-position" either there is power, or there isn't , which is common especially in epistemological discourses about power theories, [23] [24] [25] and to introduce the possibility of an "as well as-position". By using this distinction, proportions of power can be analyzed in a more sophisticated way, helping to sufficiently reflect on matters of responsibility. Therefore, according to Barrett, the destruction of capitalist economic relations is necessary but not sufficient for the liberation of women. He writes, "A body is docile that may be subjected, used, transformed and improved. A general definition has been provided by the anthropologist David Graeber as 'a collection of social institutions set in opposition to the state and capital: from self-governing communities to radical labor unions to popular militias'. The dispositional circuit is constituted of macro level rules of practice and socially constructed meanings that inform member relations and legitimate authority. In this sense then, apparently powerful tyrants are often unable to act as they will, and true power is shown to consist of something other than ruling over others.
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Power (social and political)