The causes of the salem witchcraft trials

The frustration was heightened the turmoil of the Indian Wars, in which Salem was involved. Not only does this claim border on conspiracy theory and lack any semblance of supporting evidence, but it contradicts evidentiary support she used earlier in the article.

Causes of the salem witch trials political religious and social

The fundamental issue was not who was to control the Village, but what its essential character was to be. They tended to reach for the Bible for answer in everyday questions of life. Keyssar, Alexander. Rivalries between different families in Salem had also begun to sprout up in the town as did land disputes and other disagreements which was all coupled with the fact that many colonists were also uneasy because the Massachusetts Bay Colony had its charter revoked and then replaced in with a new charter that gave the crown much more control over the colony. She said, the man told her so. Massachusetts became a royal colony in , stripping the region of its right of self- 10 Rosenthal, Bernard. Nevertheless, his was a crucial role. Not only does this claim border on conspiracy theory and lack any semblance of supporting evidence, but it contradicts evidentiary support she used earlier in the article. The number of trials and executions varied according to time and place, but it is generally believed that some , persons in total were tried for witchcraft and between 40, to 60, were executed. In this paragraph, I will look at social tension among villagers of Salem and general patterns in their society as a background for the witch trials of Most people in Salem had been impacted by the wars in one way or another and many in the Salem were refugees from the war.

Many experts question the very existence of Artic hysteria, which results in such behavior as people stripping off their clothes and running naked across the wild tundra. If one girl falsified, how do we know whom to believe?

cold weather theory salem witch trials

What caused this quiet Puritan town to descend into total paranoia and persecution? Feminist historians have interpreted the trials as just another means of the patriarchy to persecute women who acted in ways contrary to the accepted social norms of the time.

Medical sociologist Dr.

who was involved in the salem witch trials

Some three-fourths of those European witch hunts took place in western Germanythe Low CountriesFrancenorthern Italyand Switzerland. The accounts mention no such streaking in Salem, and while the supposed symptoms of witchcraft began in January, more people showed symptoms in the spring and summer…Encephalitis, the result of an infection transmitted by mosquito bite, does not really seem plausible, given that the first symptoms of bewitchment appeared during winter.

Two more of the girls lived in the Parris residence, which would have likely received a large payment of Putnum rye grain because Parris, as a minister, was paid in provisions received through taxes. Other arguments are worth mentioning, in order to get a fuller picture, such as the ergot poisoning theory, the cold weather or the teenage boredom theory.

Salem witch trials articles

Linnda Caporael argues that the girls suffered from convulsive ergotism, a condition caused by ergot, a type of fungus, found in rye and other grains. The number of trials and executions varied according to time and place, but it is generally believed that some , persons in total were tried for witchcraft and between 40, to 60, were executed. Some historians have also blamed Reverend Samuel Parris for the witch trials, claiming he was the one who suggested to the Salem villagers that there were witches in Salem during a series of foreboding sermons in the winter of , according to Samuel P. Significantly, those that they began identifying as other witches were no longer just outsiders and outcasts but rather upstanding members of the community, beginning with Rebecca Nurse , a mature woman of some prominence. Paper If she was false in this statement, why not all of it? We use cookies to personalize content and ads and to analyze traffic on our website. Citation Information. According to Carol Karlsen it was not, because a general pattern can be identified in the social status of the executed women. Witch hunts The events in Salem in were but one chapter in a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe between and and ended in the late 18th century with the last known execution for witchcraft taking place in Switzerland in Although colonists had been accused of witchcraft before in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it had never escalated to the level that Salem did, with hundreds of people locked up in jail and dozens executed. Though the ergot poisoning or cold weather theory are hardly creditable, they help us to create a picture of how historians were eagerly seeking explanations for the events of the New England witch-hunt, and distancing themselves from the idea that it was merely the consequence of religious zeal. He produced the remaining part of the knife. Salem Witch Trials: The Hysteria Spreads The three accused witches were brought before the magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne and questioned, even as their accusers appeared in the courtroom in a grand display of spasms, contortions, screaming and writhing. When examining who exactly was accused of witchcraft, there are a number of demographic discrepancies which have hinted at the possibility of ulterior motivations.

If eaten, the fungus can cause hallucinations and convulsions similar to those that were reported to be experienced by the allegedly bewitched girls. The Massachusetts ministers, including Cotton Mather, continued to caution the judges associated with the trials of using insufficient evidence to convict the accused witches.

salem witch trials victims
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Salem witch trials