KADI F. It is an important neurotransmitter for operating the reward system, so dopamine is essential for addiction development. Tolliver: Stacking is never done in medical practice Injectables may be stacked with oral preparations Short-acting steroids may be stacked with longer acting steroids Pyramiding In this method, users start with low doses then increase the dosage or the frequency until they reach a peak at mid-cycle.
New York, Brown and Benchmark,— An anabolic steroid addiction hypothesis. High, chronic doses of the drugs may also cause moderate to severe feminising effects in the form of gynaecomastia.
Steroids contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease partly by increasing the level of low-density lipoprotein LDL 47 and decreasing the level of high-density lipoprotein HDL.
When used for medical purposes, anabolic steroids can be taken by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection, orally, pellet implantation under the skin or by application to the skin via patches or gels. Anabolic steroids affect the brain neurotransmitter systems.
AS side effects are of many types. Keywords: anabolic steroids, androgens, substance abuse, male, adverse effects 1. Cycling, Stacking, and Pyramiding People who abuse anabolic steroids sometimes use different methods, or patterns, of usage based on their goals.
When steroids are abused for nonmedical purposes they are usually injected or taken orally.