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Additionally, the APA recommends using the active voice and past tense in the abstract, but the present tense may be used to describe conclusions and implications. For example, you might identify if you used a within-subjects, between-subjects, or mixed design.
You can easily write a purposeful abstract by briefly discussing each of the four questions above. See also:. Never start your main text on the lower half of the Abstract page.
Thanks for your feedback! Just as in an experimental abstract, you need to inform the reader about who the participants were in the studies. In other words, what is it that you set out to investigate in your analysis or review. Begin with a brief summary of the Introductionand then continue on with a summary of the MethodResultsand Discussion sections of your paper.
For example, you might state that "In this study, undergraduate student participants were randomly assigned to [the experimental condition] or [the control condition].
Thank you,for signing up. This is essentially a very brief preview of the results of your paper. I have added visual examples so you can easily remember the format, layout and specs of a correct Abstract page.